The Hualapai occupied the pine-clad mountains along the southern side of the Grand Canyon in northwestern Arizona. Their name means “pinery people” or “people of the tall pines”. Hwal is the Yuman word for “pine”, which combined with pai, their word for “people”, produces Hualapai.
In early times, men and women Traditional dressed in full suits of deerskin and rabbit skin robes. The men wore their hair long, often in two heavy braids, one from each side of the head, but generally loose, with a band of braided yucca leaves about the head to keep the hair from the eyes. Women always wore their hair loosely over their shoulders.
Traditional housing were conical and single-slant houses formed from cedar boughs and other brush.
Jack-rabbits and deer were their principal game animals. These animals were trapped mostly in winter among the snow-topped mountains. Very scanty crops of corn, squashes and beans along with pinon nuts and mescal formed their only vegetal diet.