Native American Photographs by Edward S. Curtis

Nuu-chah-nulth / Nootka Indians

Nuu-chah-nulth Indian Photos by Edward S. Curtis

Tribal Summary

Dress

Both Nuu-chah-nulth sexes wore cedar-bark or fur robes pinned together at the right side, and women had in addition bark aprons extending from waist to knees. In rainy weather bark capes like a poncho were worn. Both sexes used hats in rain and hot sunshine, those of the common people being woven bark and those of the nobility, spruce-roots. Men wore the hair loose or twisted in a knot; women had it in two braids down the back.

Dwelling

The primitive Nuu-chah-nulth house had a roof sloping from front to rear and supported by beams running in the same direction, which in turn rested on heavy posts. The wall-boards were horizontal. The house with roof sloping from the middle to both sides was apparently an innovation from the east coast of Vancouver Island.

Food

The principal foods were clams, mussels, dried halibut, dried salmon, the oil and meat of whales and hair-seals, seaweed, and various roots and berries, notably fern-roots and elderberries, salalberries, and huckleberries.

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